Myofascial Therapy Techniques

Myofascial Therapy

Myofascial therapy is a form of therapeutic treatment that focuses on manipulating the muscles (myo-) and connective tissue (fascia) surrounding them.

It aims to provide relief and promote healing. While “myofascial release” is a specific type of myofascial therapy, there are various other methods and techniques used as well.

Nearly all of the individual techniques work best when combined with methods.

In this article, we will explore some of the different types of myofascial therapies.

Table of Contents

Types of Myofascial Therapies:

Myofascial Cupping:

Myofascial cupping is a unique form of myofascial therapy that draws inspiration from traditional Chinese cupping medicine.

This technique aims to decompress adhesions and scar tissue, relax muscles spasm, reduce trigger point pain, and decrease tissue changes and inflammation following trauma.

Unlike most other therapies that apply compressive pressure, myofascial cupping creates a vacuum in the cup, gently drawing the skin and superficial fascia upward.

Trigger Point Therapy

Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy: This method involves applying pressure to specific points in the muscles known as trigger points. These trigger points can be painfully irritable and cause pain patterns throughout the body. By targeting these points, myofascial trigger point therapy aims to alleviate pain and promote relief.

Muscle Flossing

Muscle Flossing: Muscle flossing, also referred to as tissue flossing or voodoo flossing, is another type of myofascial therapy. It involves using a large rubber band to wrap around a joint or muscle, and then moving the joint or muscle through its range of motion.

The goal is to enhance mobility, activate muscles, expedite recovery after workouts, reduce soreness, and improve circulation. The term “voodoo flossing” originated from a popular brand of bands commonly used for this technique.

Fascial Stretch Therapy (FST)

Fascial Stretch Therapy (FST): Fascial stretch therapy is a stretching method that targets not only the muscles but also the fascia—the connective tissue surrounding muscles, bones, and joints.

FST focuses on the entire joint and joint capsule, utilizing traction to remove movement restrictions and stimulate lubrication. This therapy aims to improve mobility and alleviate discomfort.

Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM)

Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM): IASTM involves the use of stainless steel tools of various shapes and sizes to gently massage the skin. These tools can be made from different materials such as stainless steel, titanium, plastic, buffalo horn, stone, quartz, and jade.

Among these, stainless steel is the most commonly used due to its durability, hygiene, and ease of use. Regardless of the material or design, the ultimate goal of IASTM techniques and tools is to enhance soft tissue function, improve mobility, and alleviate pain.

Myofascial Release (MFR)

Myofascial Release (MFR): Finally, myofascial release is a manual therapy technique frequently utilized in massage therapy and physical therapy. It involves applying sustained, gentle pressure to myofascial connective tissue restrictions to eliminate pain and restore motion. This technique aims to provide relief and promote healing.


In summary, myofascial therapy encompasses various techniques aimed at therapeutic manipulation of muscles and the surrounding connective tissue. Some of the different types of myofascial therapies include myofascial cupping, myofascial trigger point therapy, muscle flossing, fascial stretch therapy, instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization, and myofascial release. Each of these therapies has its own unique approach and benefits, helping individuals find relief from pain and promote healing.